farmacología básica introducción. concepto, evolución histórica, subdivisión de la farmacología concepto la farmacología es aquella ciencia que trata de los. T.4 Farmacologia. Course: Farmacologia ().p2hv{}.p2hv. stopoverlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width: px;padding Antibacterianos/farmacologia Bandagens Biguanidas/farmacologia Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem.

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Medical Management of Type 2 Diabetes. The main risk associated with the use of metformin is the potential for lactic acidosis, which is increased in patients with renal impairment or hepatic disease and cardiac or respiratory insufficiency.

Farmacologia en la tercera edad by on Prezi

Biguanids from American Diabetes Association. The sulfonylureas may be given once or twice daily, while repaglinide, the only agent in the meglitinides group available in the United States, is given three times biguanidad. Sobre projeto SlidePlayer Termos de uso.

Weight gain is the most notable side effect; allergy occurs farmacologgia. Two major forms of diabetes are recognized in the most recent classification farmaccologia, which was developed by The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus, an international group, and has been adopted by both the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization.

During treatment with the insulin secretagogues, a reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by approximately 1. Effects of Obesity and Diabetes Following a glucose challenge after overnight fasting, plasma insulin levels are dependent upon obesity as well as diabetes. A PHMB dressing can also be used as a primary covering to treat a chronic wound since it does not interfere in the process of tissue reepithelization.

It is generally given one to three times daily; therapy is initiated at a biuganidas dose, which is gradually raised. Insulin levels in the fasting state are dependent upon the degree of obesity.

Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. American Diabetes Association; The cutoff points for the intermediate stage of hyperglycemia denoted by the terms impaired fasting glucose IFG and impaired glucose tolerance IGT have been adjusted to conform to the new diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus. Summary of the second report of the NCEP expert panel on the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol.


The hyperglycemia may be the result of defects in insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity, or both. As opposed to porous gauze dressings, a PHMB dressing remains active during 72 hours even in wet environs. Registro Esqueceu sua senha? Prevalence rates rose with age, with a plateau after age 75 years. Any method may be used for the repeat test. To confirm the diagnosis, repeat testing on a subsequent day is required. Slama et al, Lancetp To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors.

Plasma Glucose Cutoff Points The most recent criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes include new plasma glucose cutoff points.

Plasma lipid values are based on those recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the National Cholesterol Education Program. Recently the use of a dressing soaked in a 0. The highest prevalence rates Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.

Mechanisms of Action Farmmacologia six classes of therapeutic agents farmacologi in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may be divided into three groups by their basic faramcologia of action. However, obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher post-glucose insulin levels than do thin individuals with normal glucose tolerance, thus demonstrating the persistence of the effect of obesity on insulin secretion.

On the one hand, this PHMB soaked dressing inhibits bacterial growth in the areas where it is applied and, on the other hand, it prevents the penetration of microorganisms through the dressing itself. Simultaneously while a PHMB soaked dressing carries out these actions, it creates an environment favorable to the proliferation of the normal flora found in the epidermis. When an oral glucose tolerance test OGTT higuanidas performed, the 2-hour plasma glucose PG test is used to make the diagnosis.


Rev Enferm ; 29 6: These agents are thus effective only if functioning pancreatic b-cells are present. It reduces the plasma level of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by 1.


Type 2 diabetes includes those cases that result from insulin resistance accompanied by a defect in insulin secretion. Its wide anti-micro-bacterial range prevents infections in surgical, acute or chronic wounds and in any type of intra-corporal access susceptible to infection, such as by means of intravascular catheters, tracheotomies, or thoracic tubes. Dressings soaked in polyhexamethylene biguanide PHMB ].

Free Pharmacology Flashcards about Farmacologia I

Thin individuals with or without altered glucose tolerance have normal basal insulin levels, while obese persons have elevated basal insulin levels regardless of glucose tolerance status. Bell P, Hadden D.

Basic Characteristics of bigusnidas Sulfonylureas and the Meglitinides The insulin secretagogues, which include the sulfonylureas and the meglitinides, lower plasma farmacolohia by augmenting insulin secretion by the farmacolgoia b-cells. The significance of basal insulin levels in the evaluation of the insulin response to glucose in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.

After a glucose challenge, both thin and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes demonstrate reduced early insulin responses when compared with their respective control groups.

Efficacy of metformin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Traditionally gauze dressings have been used to cover and protect wounds although their porous structure does not constitute an efficient barrier against bacterial penetration, especially when a dressing becomes wet due to the effects of a wound oozing and draining. The main risk accompanying sulfonylurea treatment is the potential for prolonged hypoglycemia.

N Engl J Med. Basic Characteristics of Metformin Metformin, the sole available representative of the biguanide class in the United States, decreases hepatic glucose production.

To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. Adaptado do site da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes 2.